||Moran M. J. and H. N. Shapiro., Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Third Edition, Wiley, New York, 1995. Cengel Y. A. and Boles M. A., Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, McGraw Hill, 3rd Ed., 1998 Dossat R. J. and Horan T. J., Principles of Refrigeration, Pearson Education, 4th Indian Reprint, 2004. Arora C. P., Refrigeration and Air-conditioning, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Ed., 2003.
||Autumn Semester Introduction to the Course, General Scheme of things, Energy Resources, Heat Engines. Recap of I law for Closed and Open Systems. Classification of cycles as Open/Closed, Refrigeration/Power, Multi-component/ Single- component, Internal combustion/ external combustion, etc. Performance parameters: Network, thermal efficiency, heat rate, specific fuel consumption, work ratio, specific output, mean effective pressure, volumetric efficiency, COP, refrigeration effect. Carnot vs. other cycles. General stoichiometry and definition of terms (rich mixture, lean mixtures). Heat of formation, Heat of reaction, Calorific Value of fuel, Estimation methods for Calorific values, Exhaust Gas Analysis, Orsat Apparatus. Otto Cycles, Diesel Cycles, Air-standard cycles and Actual cycles, Dual cycle, p-theta diagram. Combustion and knocking in SI engine. Combustion and knocking in CI engine. Carburetion. Brayton cycle with explanation of various terms Modifications of Brayton cycle. Rankine cycle. Modifications to Rankine cycle. Feed Water Heaters and analysis. Moisture separators/ application of Rankine to Nuclear power plants. Vapour Compression and Reverse Brayton Cycles Vapour Absorption Cycles. Psychrometry. Reciprocating, rotary and centrifugal Compressors.