||Ghosh A. and Mallick A. K., Manufacturing Science, Affiliated East West Press, 2001. Rao P. N., Manufacturing Technology- Foundry, Forming and Welding, Tata McGraw Hill, 1987. Schey J., Introduction to Manufacturing Processes, Tata McGraw Hill, 2000. DeGarmo E. P., Black J. T. and Kohser R. A., Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, Prentice Hall India, 1997. Pye R. G. W., Injection Mold Design, Longman Scientific & Technical, Essex, 1989.
||Casting processes: dispensable and permanent mould processes; analysis of melting, pouring and solidification phenomena; design of pattern, core, feeder and gating system; casting defects and inspection. Joining processes: fusion and solid-state welding; brazing and soldering; weld joint design, cooling rate, and joint properties; welding defects and inspection. Bulk and Sheet Forming processes: rolling, forging, extrusion and drawing; sheet metal working; forming limit diagram; loads, friction and lubrication; forming defects and inspection. Powder processing: Powder manufacture, characterization, compaction and sintering; metal injection moulding; hot and cold isostatic pressing. Polymers and Composites: Thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers and composites; related processes; injection mould design; moulding defects and inspection. Advanced processes: Free form fabrication (rapid prototyping), and net shape manufacturing processes.